Litigation is the judicial process of settling disputes. There are two parties in every litigation process: the complainant and the defendant. The Complainant is the party who files a lawsuit in a court of law while the defendant is the person is the person who is accused of negligence that led to financial losses or injuries.
Litigation starts by the complainant placing particular demands to the defendant. If the defendant ignores those demands, the complainant files a complaint in a civil court and serves the defendant with copies of the complaint. In the complaint, the complainant quotes the alleged damage caused by the accused and the monetary value attached to it.
If the issue is not solved at the civil court, the claimant sends interrogatories to the defendant, a process known as the discovery process. Once this process ends, an attempt to settle the dispute is made through a settlement conference. If a settlement is reached, the litigation process ends. If not, the trial process commences.
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During the trial process, the two parties present evidence in support of their respective positions. If the trial proceeds to the end, the jury decides on who prevails. The losing party has the option of appealing the decision to the appellate court within a set duration of time. The appellate court determines whether the settlement of the case followed the right process or not. If any of the parties is not comfortable with the judgment made by the appellant court, they proceed to the Supreme Court. The decision made at this court is final and marks the end of the litigation process.
About Karl Heideck
Karl Heideck is an attorney with 10 years of practice in risk management and compliance cases. He specializes in drafting analytical memoranda. His other skills include corporate law, legal writing, commercial litigation, legal research, product liability, and employment law. Karl Heideck has been part of many litigation processes, including writing analytical memoranda and reviewing documents related to government investigations.
Karl Heideck attended Swarthmore College where he did English and Literature. He later went to the Tempe University Beasley School of Law, graduating with a law degree. Since graduating, Karl Heideck’s career has been nothing short of glamorous.